Juvenile justice as a separate part of criminal law
In July 1899, the first Children’s Court was established in the United States in Chicago. It was based on the Illinois Law on abandoned, homeless, and delinquent children and their care.
Publication of this law was initiated by public figures Lucy Flower (Chicago Women’s Club), Julia Lathrop (Hull House), and the local community of patronage “Visitation and Aid society.”
It was then that the concept of “delinquent” was introduced to consider cases of juvenile delinquency. It differed significantly from the concept of “criminal” and generally defined the legal status of a minor who became a subject of relations in the juvenile justice system.
Since then, the juvenile crime system has undergone significant changes. States have recognized that juvenile offenders are different from adult offenders. And a young person has considerable potential for change in the future. The law recognizes that juvenile offenders cannot be tried in adult courts.
They can be corrected in individual correction facilities.
As you can see, law school students have a wide field for research on juvenile justice. By choosing the right topic and constructing the text correctly, you can create an impressive argumentative essay.
Tips on how to impress the reader with an argumentative essay on juvenile justice
The issue of juvenile justice has a wide range of problems. Therefore, to make a single scheme of writing an essay on this topic is quite tricky – the construction of each article will depend on the chosen topic.
However, you can use the basic rules of building an essay. Here are some tips on making your issues with the juvenile justice system essay high quality and compelling.
Before you start writing any kind of writing, you first need to decide on a topic. If you have not been asked the subject of the essay, you can choose it yourself.
So, the first step in writing an essay is choosing a topic.
Once you have decided on the topic, select the essay writing vector. As you are working on an argumentative essay, you should decide on the central thesis of the article.
Once you have decided on the topic, select the essay writing vector. As you are working on an argumentative essay, you should decide on the main thesis of the article. It is also called a thesis statement. This is probably the essential detail of your work.
After all, it will determine the direction in which you will go, convincing the reader of your point of view. The second stage is the formulation of the thesis statement.
The thesis should fit in one (maximum – two) sentences. And it should be placed at the end of the introduction to the essay. In this sentence, you briefly formulate your main idea and guide the reader in the right way, immersing him in the content of your work.
Such a thesis could be, for example, the sentence: “The legal systems of many countries are working on programs to work with juvenile offenders. This means that minors should not be held accountable on par with adult offenders.”
It is crucial to work well on the introduction to the piece of writing. When writing about juvenile justice, you should first research the area thoroughly. For example, you can start with the history of the juvenile justice system or an explanation of basic legal concepts.
In the body of an argumentative essay, you must competently select arguments and consistently present facts that would support your point of view on the issue under consideration.
In conclusion, once again, briefly summarize the confirmation of your thesis. This is your last chance to convince the reader in your favor.
Despite following the structure of the essay, do not forget to keep the reader in suspense. Your text should not be complicated, tedious, and overloaded with complicated legal terms.
Sample of juvenile justice system argument essay
Punishment of minors in different countries of the world
Today, special criminal justice regimes for minors exist almost all over the world.
Criminal liability is one of the ways to implement criminal law policy. It represents the legal consequences of committing a crime against the criminal. The liability of minors is a separate part of criminal law. Special laws regulate it.
But should juveniles be held criminally liable for crimes on an equal footing with adult criminals? Many scholars believe that the gradual increase in the age of onset of criminal responsibility is the main direction in the evolution of the humanism of criminal law policy.
The legislation of many countries – Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Ukraine, Poland, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Russia – provides particular grounds for exemption from criminal liability and punishment of minors.
Such measures are applied to the belief that minors can be corrected without the application of criminal responsibility standards or punishment.
Usually, such issues are decided by the court. However, in some countries (Bulgaria, Denmark, the Netherlands), the prosecutor’s exemption from criminal liability may be carried out.
For example, in Poland, persons who have committed a crime under the age of 18 may be subject to measures of upbringing, treatment, or correction instead of punishment by a court.
Such decisions are based on an analysis of the circumstances of the case. The level of psychophysiological development of the perpetrator of the event, the characteristics of his personality, are also taken into account.
In this case, it all depends on the gravity of the crime. The main part of offenses committed by juvenile offenders are misdemeanors or minor crimes. Therefore, the ability to absolve them of responsibility and replace it with other measures of influence is an important means of combating delinquent adolescents’ early criminalization.
In particular, minors in Azerbaijan can be released if they have committed a moderate crime for the first time. In Russia, they can be exempted from punishment even for serious misconduct; however, only if a court decision sends the juvenile to a specialized educational institution.
Staying in such an institution will not have criminal consequences associated with a criminal record. However, if the juvenile does not make an effort to atone for the guilt, does not fulfill his duties, or violates the imposed restrictions, such a measure of punishment may be revoked. And then he will be prosecuted.
The application of medical measures may also be a condition for release from punishment. This happens if a minor suffers from mental disabilities and has committed a crime without realizing its severity.
Thus, the introduction of alternative forms of juvenile punishment into law and jurisprudence may reduce the likelihood of juvenile delinquency. After all, such delinquents can commit crimes under the pressure of various circumstances: troubled families and adult offenders’ influence, a bad example. Such people need to be given time and opportunity to get on the right track.
Titles for juvenile justice system essay
You can choose many exciting topics for your essay. Here are some examples you can use to create your work.
- Juvenile justice and juveniles
- Education of juveniles committing crimes
- The historical basis for the development of juvenile justice
- Are misdemeanors committed by minors different from crimes committed by adults?
- Is it necessary to develop a separate system of punishment for juvenile offenders?
- Are correctional programs for minors effective?
- Juvenile system vs. adult court system
- Juvenile criminal or delinquent: which term is more appropriate to use?
- The problem of the attitude of law enforcement agencies to juvenile offenders
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The purpose of the juvenile justice system
Today, special criminal regimes for minors exist in almost all countries of the world.
The juvenile court only supplements the activities of guardianship bodies in cases specified by law. The following institutions aim to:
1) remove adolescents from the environment and life circumstances that interfere with their healthy socialization
2) involvement in such activities in which adolescents would have the opportunity to form as a full member of society.
3) decreased recidivism rate by minors
4) the construction of all necessary means and technologies of activity.
Most people who work on an essay on the juvenile justice system have some questions.
The most popular questions about the system of the juvenile justice system
What is the juvenile justice system essay?
This is a type of written work on a separate link in the system of criminal liability. This is a unique system of punishment and responsibility of persons under 18 years of age.
What is the purpose of the juvenile justice system?
The juvenile justice system is primarily aimed at ensuring public safety. Besides, it seeks to develop the social skills of young people, rehabilitate, and reintegrate minors into the community.
Does the juvenile justice system work?
Many studies on the subject have found that some juvenile delinquency programs have been very successful in reducing recidivism among juveniles. Conversely, long-term juvenile detention may lead to increased criminal behavior.
How has the juvenile justice system changed?
From the end of the 19th century to the present day, the juvenile justice system has changed significantly. Initially, the trial was informal and resembled a simple conversation between a juvenile and a judge. Today, the juvenile justice system supports rehabilitation as the primary goal and differs significantly from the criminal justice system.
What is the juvenile court system?
A juvenile court is a tribunal that rules on the punishment of crimes committed by minors. In most countries of the world, the discipline of children and adolescents who have committed a crime is different from the conviction of adults for committing an identical crime. En.wikipedia.org/ gives a fairly clear explanation of this issue.